Dendrobium orchid

Posted on 05.03.2021 Comments

Dendrobium Nobile orchids are one of the most popular species of orchids. Their profuse, beautiful, delicately scented flowers produce a wonderful display for up to several months at a time. This article is going to walk you through how to care for dendrobium nobile orchids.

First, a quick summary. Plant in orchid potting mix, water when the top of the potting medium is dry and fertilize lightly every weeks. Prune after flowering. In the autumn, reduce water and fertilizer and expose to cooler temperatures to stimulate reblooming.

Dendrobium nobile orchids require and tolerate more light than most other commonly cultivated orchids. They are best kept in bright light conditions all year round. In the winter, they can tolerate direct sunlight, but in the heat of the summer, you should limit direct sunlight to a few hours in the early morning or late afternoon. A south-facing window is best during the winter, spring and autumn, but they are better moved to an east-facing window in the hottest months of summer, to reduce the risk of leaf scorching.

If you notice wrinkled leaves, brown shrivelled leaf tips, or yellowing or fading leaves, this can be a sign of excessive lighting, and you should move your dendrobium nobile to a location with less intense light conditions. The water requirements of dendrobium orchids vary during the year. During active growth of the orchid in the summer, water thoroughly once the potting media is almost dry. Use your finger to monitor the dryness of the potting media, to get an idea of when it needs watered.

Another good tip is to monitor the weight of the pot. By lifting the pot, and judging the weight, you will soon know when the potting media is dry and can get a good idea of when it needs watered. Try to ensure that you provide your dendrobium nobile orchid with sufficient water during this time to maximize growth. Frequency of watering will depend on a number of factors including the size of the pot, how root bound the orchid is, the temperature and ventilation conditions the plant is being grown in.

Be guided by the condition of the orchid and dryness of the potting media, rather than watering on any set schedule or a certain number of days. Each time you water your dendrobium nobile, soak the potting media thoroughly and allow the water to run out the bottom of the pot. Water your dendrobium nobile orchid in the morning if possible. Increased heat, light, and ventilation during the day allows excess water to evaporate, which is particularly important to reduces the risk of fungal disease.

Once the canes produce the last of their leaves in the autumn, and growth slows, reduce watering significantly. You should monitor the canes for signs of drying out, and water just enough at this time to prevent the cane from shivelling or the leaves from wilting. You may only have to water your dendrobium nobile every weeks at this time. Relative water deprivation is an important step in encouraging bud and bloom development.

Once you see new buds starting to develop, you can increase watering again, to provide sufficient water throughout the blooming phase.

Dendrobium nobile orchids are quite tolerant of variations in temperature throughout the year and between day and night. However, to get the best out of your plant and encourage it to rebloom year after year, you should provide quite specific temperature conditions in the autumn.

In the autumn, from October to January, they require cooler temperatureswith significant variation between day and nighttime temperatures, to stimulate bud and bloom development. With higher humidity levels, the need to ensure adequate ventilation increases, to reduce the risk of disease. If you need to increase humidity levels for your dendrobium nobile orchids, consider a humidity tray, or grouping plants together.

If needed, monitor the humidity level of your growing environment with a hygrometer. As dendrobium nobile orchids require fairly high levels of humidity, this can predispose them to fungal disease, unless sufficient airflow is provided.

Opening a window in a poorly ventilated house, or using an oscillating fan can greatly reduce the risk of disease. Just be careful not to expose your orchid to cold drafts, which can cause bud drop on occasion. Dendrobium orchids are epiphytic plants, which means that in nature, they grow attached to other plants, rather than in soil. For this reason, you should ensure that your dendrobium nobile orchid is potted in a very well aerated and well-draining potting mix.

A good quality pre-prepared orchid mix will be ok, or you can make your own.Some of the most popular orchid plants among home growers are Dendrobium orchid plants.

These showy flowers are relatively easy to grow, with a central long stem and an attractive spray of flowers that can last up to four weeks. There are many Dendrobium varieties, and each one has slightly different growing conditions. Luckily, with all the types of Dendrobium orchids to choose from, there is likely to be one that fits your home environment perfectly.

Dendrobium is sort of the catch-all of orchid species. When you look for Dendrobium orchid info, you can find whole books devoted to each of the different types of Dendrobium orchids that can fall into this category. In general, though, you can separate them in a few different groups. Sheer beginners will love Nobile orchids.

Dendrobium Orchids – Care, Watering and Repoting

These hybrids go dormant for a couple of months in the winter, losing some of their leaves in the process. These plants can have up to 50 blooms on one stem, making for a stunning floral display. Growers have perfected the Nobile hybrids so closely that they can even cause them to bloom for any requested holiday. Another popular type is the Phalaenopsis orchid with its bright, densely packed flowers. Although there is a huge variety from which to choose, when it comes to learning how to grow Dendrobium orchids, there are two important rules that they all follow:.

First, they like to live in little pots with their roots crowded into a tiny area. If you try to be nice and give them room to spread out, the roots are likely to stay too moist and begin to rot. The other way to care for Dendrobium orchids is to give them as much bright light as possible.

Read more articles about Orchids. Friend's Email Address. Your Name. Your Email Address. Send Email. About Dendrobium Orchid Plants Dendrobium is sort of the catch-all of orchid species. How to Grow Dendrobium Orchids Although there is a huge variety from which to choose, when it comes to learning how to grow Dendrobium orchids, there are two important rules that they all follow: First, they like to live in little pots with their roots crowded into a tiny area.

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Dendrobium Orchid Care

Dendrobium orchids are beautiful flowers that require careful attention but are overall very sturdy. Provide a moderately warm, humid, and spacious environment for your flower to help it thrive. Feed and water it weekly and makes sure it gets ample sunlight. To care for a Dendrobium orchid, start by planting it in a small pot with a soilless potting medium like fir bark or moss. Then, water the orchid every 1 to 2 weeks, but only once the top inch of soil has dried out.

Additionally, try placing a shallow tray of water near your orchid to increase the humidity around the plant. When the orchid finishes blooming, use sharp scissors to cut off the stem at a slight angle to encourage new growth.

Repotting outdoor Dendrobium Orchids + Cutting old canes

To learn how to grow Dendrobium orchids under grow lights, read on! Did this summary help you? Yes No. Log in Facebook Loading Google Loading Civic Loading No account yet? Create an account. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. By using our site, you agree to our cookie policy. As the COVID situation develops, our hearts ache as we think about all the people around the world that are affected by the pandemic Read morebut we are also encouraged by the stories of our readers finding help through our site.

Article Edit.There are over 1, types of Dendrobium orchids and hybrids. They vary in size, bloom color, appearance, and growing requirements. For this reason, it is important that you get detailed care information for your certain type of Dendrobium because the care can greatly vary depending on the type you have. Dendrobiums are separated into two main groups: hard-caned and soft-caned. Hard-caned Dendrobiums have tall pseudobulbs that are very thin and their leaves are generally a little darker in color than the soft-caned.

Hard-caned Dens are evergreen and often keep their leaves for many years before they drop them. Hard-caned Dens grow spikes from the top of the cane and produce gorgeous flower sprays. Soft-caned Dendrobiums have leafy pseudobulbs that are long and slim. Their leaves are generally a little lighter in color than the hard-caned Dens.

They grow leaves along the length of the cane and the blooms sprout from the individual stems that are along the cane itself. Soft-caned dendrobiums are deciduous and drop their leaves when the weather gets cold.

Because the care for each type of Dendrobium can vary so much we have chosen two types to give you detailed care on. The Dendrobium Nobile which are soft-caned and Dendrobium Phalaenopsis, also sometimes referred to as Dendrobium Bigibbum which are hard-caned. Dendrobium Nobile-Water Requirements A Dendrobium Nobile orchid should be watered in the morning using lukewarm water. Watering frequency — as covered in this article about watering orchids — can be determined by a few different things.

Dendrobium Orchid Info: How To Grow And Care For Dendrobium Orchids

The watering schedule for a Den-Nobile greatly depends on the season and its growth cycle. When the plant is actively growing, you should water once a week. In the early fall, you should reduce your watering schedule to help encourage bud growth. In the winter you should only water when you see that the pseudobulbs are beginning to shrivel because this is an indicator that you are not giving the plant enough water. The ideal place for a Den-Nobile is a windowsill with southern light exposure.

Remember to not let the orchid receive direct sunlight because this could cause the orchid to get sunburned leaves.About 1,; see List of Dendrobium species. Dendrobium is a genus of mostly epiphytic and lithophytic orchids in the family Orchidaceae.

It is a very large genus, containing more than 1, species that are found in diverse habitats throughout much of southeast and southeast Asiaincluding ChinaJapanIndiathe PhilippinesIndonesiaAustraliaNew GuineaVietnam and many of the islands of the Pacific. Orchids in this genus have roots that creep over the surface of trees or rocks, rarely having their roots in soil. Up to six leaves develop in a tuft at the tip of a shoot and from one to a large number of flowers are arranged along an unbranched flowering stem.

Several attempts have been made to separate Dendrobium into smaller genera, but most have not been accepted by the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Dendrobium species are mostly epiphyticor lithophytic although a few species are terrestrial. They are sympodial herbs with cylindrical roots usually arising from the base of a pseudobulb. The pseudobulbs, when present, are hard, sometimes cane-like, cylindrical or cone-shaped and more or less covered with the bases of the leaves.

dendrobium orchid

There are from one to many leaves arranged in two ranks, the leaves varying in shape from linear to oblong, sometimes cylindrical but never channelled or grooved. They are usually much longer than wide and last for only a single season.

Between one and a large number of resupinate or non-resupinate flowers are arranged along an unbranched flowering stem and may be short or long-lived. The flowers may be white, green, yellow, or pink to purple, often with contrasting colours in the labellum. The sepals and petals are usually free from and more or less similar to each other but markedly different from the labellum. The labellum is more or less egg-shaped, with the narrower end towards the base and flanks the column.

There is often a callus consisting of narrow, parallel ridges, in the centre of the labellum. InFriedrich Brieger reclassified all terete -leaved dendrobiums from Australia and New Guinea into a new genus, Dockrillia and in David Jones and Mark Clements separated the genus into smaller genera, including ThelychitonTropilisVappodes and Winika but all of these genera are regarded as synonyms by the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

They have adapted to a wide variety of habitatsfrom the high altitudes in the Himalayan mountains to lowland tropical forests and even to the dry climate of the Australian desert. Dendrobium is commonly abbreviated as Den. Some species are in great demand by orchid lovers. This has resulted in numerous varieties and hybridssuch as the noble dendrobium Den.

The flowers of Cuthbertson's dendrobium Den.

dendrobium orchid

Many Dendrobium species are known to vigorously remove toluene and xylene from the air. Several hybrids in this genus have been registered and named after notable persons and institutions:. Dendrobium 'Mini Brown' [ verification needed ]a hybrid belonging to the section Spatulata. Painting of a typical Dendrobium by I. Passmoore, probably the hybrid Dendrobium Lucky Seven. Dendrobium salaccense.

Some Dendrobium species are cultivated as medicinal plants. The book 'The Useful Native Plants of Australia records that Dendrobium canaliculatum was called "yamberin" by the Indigenous People of Queensland, Australia and that "The bulbous stems, after being deprived of the old leaves are edible Thozet. Many species and cultivars of this genus are well-known floral emblems and have been figured in artwork.The second thing we have clear, first we will find out throughout this article.

More than 1, species belong to this genus. It is a very varied group of plants in all aspects. We can find them from the same sea level at heights of up to 3, meters. There are species adapted to different climates but always prevailing tropical environments and constant humidity throughout the year.

We can find species of different sizes, from a few centimeters to specimens of several meters. The color of its flowers is also very varied and rich due to the multiple hybridizations made with this species. We are facing a genus that has more than 1, different orchid species. Before taking into account all the descriptions of these species, it is important to highlight the etymology of the name of this genus, since its meaning is given by the life in the trunk of trees, since all the known species of dendrobium orchids grow and develop from this form.

That is, they have their roots in trees. On the other hand, with regard to the structures of these plants, it should be noted that they have a large pseudobulb, which usually develops the stem that is similar to the cane, said stem can reach measures of about 30 centimeters. As for the stem it can also be said that it is covered by what are considered small hairs.

Among other highlights, it stands out that as regards the auxiliary buds of the flowers they are grouped as a short bouquet. However, to take into account all that concerns the flowers of the species of dendrobium orchids, we must first consider that they are known to occur in different sizes depending on the case of the species, that is, in some cases They can be small flowers, as in others they are large flowers in sizes and showy.

You can even present the same species with flowers of different colors. So taking into account the vitality of these flowers can be said that some have a duration of up to six months while others of just one day, everything depends on the species.

dendrobium orchid

Its natural habitat is quite broad. It is usually easy to find them in the Asian continent, in the countries of Indonesia, the Philippines, among others.

Its size is also diverse, with species that only measure a few millimeters, even some that measure two meters or more. The leaves are very fleshy and usually develop individually at regular spaces directly from the stem. The flowers can develop in the superior part of the stem and through a floral wand or along each one of the stems being born from the same trunk and without need of floral wand. These last plants are of great beauty since when the flowers are opened, the plant is all wrapped in the color of the flower.

Its leaves are usually a little darker than the stems and are perennial. They usually keep their leaves and do not lose them for the season of the year. From the hardened canes, they form spikes of flowers. Its leaves are lighter than the previous ones, and appear along the length of the stem, from which the flowers also emerge. Hard-growing orchids are evergreen and often retain their leaves for many years before they fall. This type of plants grow spikes from the top of the cane and produce magnificent groups of flowers.

The leaves grow along the cane and the flowers are born from the individual stems that are found along the cane itself. The Dendrobium Nobile, of soft cane, are deciduous so they drop their leaves when it starts to get cold. As the care for each type of Dendrobium can vary so much we have chosen the two groups mentioned above to explain the care. The Dendrobium Nobile which are soft cane and Dendrobium Phalaenopsis hard cane. As with all orchids, the water must be soft and low in mineral salts, so as not to damage the roots and not end up damaging the plant.

The frequency of irrigation, as we have already explained, is determined by the different environmental factors. You can read more here in the article about how to water an orchid.

The watering schedule for a Nobile orchid depends to a large extent on the season and its growth cycle. When the plant is growing actively, water once a week. In early fall, it reduces the frequency of irrigation to help stimulate shoot growth. In the winter you should only water when you see that the substrate is practically dry.Native to Southeast Asia, the genus Dendrobium is one of the largest of all orchid groups.

There are about 1, individual species, and they grow in all manner of climates, from hot, wet lowlands to high-altitude, colder mountains. Growers usually divide dendrobiums into groups based on their growing conditions. All dendrobiums are epiphytes, meaning that they grow on other plants. In nature, they grow on the branches of trees. Some are deciduous and some hold onto their leaves all year round. Serious collectors often favor the D.

While they are considered a great orchid for beginners, some people have trouble with Dendrobium phalaenopsis hybrids. With the hybrids, think more of everything—more light, more water, and more fertilizer. The plants are robust growers that send up at least one new upright cane every year from creeping rhizomes.

Don't cut off old canes, as they store nutrients and water to keep the plant healthy. Older canes will sometimes flower or produce tiny plantlets, called keikis, that can be potted up on their own after they develop roots. You can find a wide range in the color, size, and shape of the blooms. The long-lasting sprays of flowers remain in bloom for six to eight weeks. You can use the sprays to use as cut flowers for arrangements. These bloom several times throughout the year, depending on conditions.

dendrobium orchid

To help provoke a flower spike, slightly drop the water and nighttime temperature. These plants like strong, natural sunlight. They will grow in lower-light conditions, but it is unlikely the plant will bloom well. The appearance of keikis often means the plant isn't getting enough light.

On the other hand, if you see yellow leaves you may have given the plant too much direct sunlight. Orchids don't grow in soil, but rather in a special mixture that mimics their environment in the wild. Purchase a commercial orchid potting medium, which contains peat moss, perlite or fir bark, or make your own that has these ingredients in it.

Make sure that the "soil" has aeration and is well-draining, so the roots aren't left in moisture for a lengthy period of time. During the growing season, dendrobiums like high humidity and lots of water. As with all orchids, the frequency of watering depends on your growing conditions, but at least weekly is a good idea during the summer.

Don't leave them in a tray of water as that can rot the roots.